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Jackson talks about education

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Jackson is 14

We have great news for our hero in Kenya: Jackson and Salome
In the last academic results he got an A (the maximum is A +) on all subjects.
Salome, his sister, is leading his school! So all is well.
In front of the computer room of his high school, Jackson is now a young man!

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Carlito 14, and Micaela 9

Carlito and his sister are studying. Everything is going well for them : their parents were able to rent a house near the school, it makes it much easier their lives ….

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Zahira, Jackson and Salomé present the documentary film « On the way to school »

In the framework of the movie’s promotion « On the way to school », some children like Jackson, Salome and Zahira have been travelling all around the world. Thus, Zahira, Jackon and Salome presented « On the way to school » in the film institute of Doha.

Jackson and Salome were also fortunate to present the film preview at the French Institute inTokyo, Japan.

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EDUCATION IN MOROCCO

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GENERAL INFORMATION

  • 35 599 000 inhabitants
  • 9% of the population lives below the poverty line (source : World Bank)
  • Number of deaths per child under 5 years old for 1000 births : 31 (source : UNESCO).

EDUCATION BY NUMBERS

  • 44% of adults ( that is to say persons more than 15 years old) are illiterate, of which 66% are women ( source : UNESCO)
  • Illiteracy rate of young persons is at 20% (13% for young boys and 28% for young girls) which reveals the low quality of education and that girls suffer from inequality, especially in rural areas (source : UIS).
  • Morocco gives almost 6% of its GDP to education ; education budget represents 26% of the national budget. Funding plans focus essentially on primary and secondary education (source : UIS).

WHAT IS AT STAKE

  • 134 000 children in Morocco do not have access to primary education. These children are for the most part from rural areas of extreme poverty.
  • Rural areas have to face major difficulties : schools are poorly equipped, distance represents an obstacle for many teachers ( as a result : teachers in rural areas are usually young with no professional experience)
  • 56% of primary school chidren who are not sent to school are girls.
  • The difference between girls and boys increases in secondary education : 90% of boys are sent to the first year of secondary education ( which corresponds to the first year of junior high school in France), and only 73% of girls have the same opportunity.
  • Language establishes an obstacle to education and restrains the Berber children’s learning process (the official teaching language is arab)
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EDUCATION IN ARGENTINA

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GENERAL INFORMATION

  • 41 660 417 inhabitants
  • Number of deaths per child under 5 years old for 1000 births :14 (source : UNESCO)

EDUCATION BY NUMBERS

  • 2% of adults ( persons more than 15 years old ) are illitterate. Illiteracy rate of young persons from 15 to 24 years old is under 1% ( source : UNESCO ).
  • Net rate of schooling in primary education : 97%
  • 95% of children who enter the first year of primary education gain access to the second year of primary education.
  • 90% of children gain access to a complete secondary education cycle ( secondary school and high school )
  • There is a small gap between girls and boy and girls get the advantage ( they have more access to secondary education than boys).
  • Argentina gives almost 6% of its GDP to education ; education budget represents 14% of the national budget.

WHAT IS AT STAKE

  • In Argentina, society places great importance on education.
  • The main challenges of the educational system are linked to development differences between the country’s provinces ( education is decentralized ) and to the family’s poverty in certain areas (essentially in rural provinces).
  • School programs change according to the provinces and the local resource level has consequences on the learning processes of the children. In the poor provinces, the number of children who do not assimilate the basics of reading and writing are much higher than in the provinces with more financial resources
  • -Furthermore, even though school is free, there is no public transporation system and families are required to purchase, books, supplies, and uniforms.
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EDUCATION IN INDIA

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GENERAL INFORMATION

  • 1258 351 000 inhabitants
  • 29,8% of the population lives beneath the extreme poverty line, with less than 1,25 dollar per day to live ( source : World Bank).
  • Number of deaths per child under 5 years old for 1000 births : 65 ( source : UNESCO )

EDUCATION BY NUMBERS

  • 13% of adults are illiterate. 49% of women are illiterate as opposed to 25% of men ( source :UNESCO).
  • Enrollment rate for children from 6 to 14 years old : 96% (source : The Annual Status of Education Report 2012)
  • 2,3 million primary school-age children are not sent to school and 62% of these are girls.
  • Out of 10 registered children in the first year of primary education 8 enter the last year of secondary schooling. The gaps grow wider at the beginning of the second cycle of secondary education (high school grade).

WHAT IS AT STAKE

  • Schooling rate for children from 6 to 14 years old ( school obligatory at this age in India) has improved consistently since 1990. But in the last few years, the number of children who are not sent to school has risen slightly( from 3,3% in 2011,to 3,5 % in 2012).
  • Enrollment rate in private establishments has grown quickly, from 18,7% in 2006 to 28,3% in 2012. At that rate, almost 50% of school-age children could be sent to private schools by 2018.
  • The quality of the educational environment has improved : 73% of vetted schools are connected to a drinkable water system, 56,5% have functional latrines and 87,1% offer midday lunches.
  • In parallel, the quality of education is deteriorating, especially in terms of learning progress results : in 2012, less than the half of the children who were in the fifth year of primary school could read a text intended for second year primary school children ( with a wide gap between private school children and children from governmental schools) and only 53,5% of them could solve a a simple subtraction with two numbers ( source : The Annual Statys of Education Report 2012).
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EDUCATION IN KENYA

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GENERAL INFORMATION

  • 42 749 000 inhabitants
  • 67% of the population lives in poverty, that is to say with less than 2 dollars per day to live (source : UIS)
  • Number of deaths per child under 5 years old for 1000 births : 89 ( source : UNESCO)
  • 42 % of the population is less than 14 years old ( Source : UIS)
  • 76% of the population lives in rural areas ( source : UIS)
  • Life expectancy at birth : 57 years old

EDUCATION BY NUMBERS

  • 28% of adults are illiterate, 22% are men and 33% are women. 17,6% of people from 15 to 24 years old do not know how to read and write.
  • Net rate enrollment in primary schools has risen from 62% in 1999 to 83% in 2009 : the country has made huge progress. The removal of school fees and the setting up of scholarships for girls helped to accelerate the progress.
  • 1 million primary school age children are left without an education and 48% are girls : Kenya is among the ten countries in the world with the lowest rate of school enrollment. ( source : UNESCO).
  • 20% of children sent to primary school drop out before the last year.

WHAT IS AT STAKE

  • Gender and economic inequality is still very prevalent in Kenya, this is in large part due to geographic location.
  • For example, in the rural areas of the North East, 44% of 7 to 16 year old girls have never been to school.
  • Children coming from rural population groups are particularly discriminated against. In the three provinces with the highest rural populations, net primary school enrollment rates are the lowest of the entire country, 30% of the boys and 20% of the girls have access to education.
  • Children who live in slums are particularly affected ( in Nairobi, one third of the population, namely one million people live in slums). These slums are deemed illegal by the authorities, therefore the population’s needs here are completely ignored by the government. As a result, there are no government subsidized free schools in the slums leading to a rise in low-budget private schools that the poverty-stricken parents must pay for as opposed to the free schooling parents enjoy in the city (Kenya is one of the first countries in Sub-Saharan Africa to offer free-educaion).
  • Another large marginalized group in Kenya is the refugee population (Kenya is the first African country to recieve refugees, mostly those escaping the conflicts in Somalia and Sudan).
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